United States Mission to the European Union
Foreign Agricultural Service
United States Department Of Agriculture
Last modified: February 15, 2017

Maximum Levels for Contaminants in Food


Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 establishes maximum levels for certain contaminants:


      • Nitrate in lettuce, ruccola and spinach and infant food


      • Aflatoxins in nuts, dried fruit, cereals, corn, spices, milk, infant food, dried figs
      • Ochratoxin A in cereals, cereal products, dried vine fruit, wine and grape juice, coffee, spices, licorice, infant food, wheat gluten
      • Patulin in apple juice and apple drinks, apple juice ingredients, infant food
      • Deoxynivalenol in cereals, cereal products, infant food
      • Zearalenone in cereals, cereal products, infant food
      • Fumonisins in corn and corn based products
      • T-2 and HT-2 toxin in cereals and cereal products
      • Citrinin in rice/yeast fermented food supplements
      • ergot sclerotia and ergot alkaloids

Heavy Metals:

      • Lead in milk, baby and infant food, meat, offal, seafood, vegetables, fruit and juices, wine and food supplements
      • Cadmium in meat and offal, fish and seafood, cereals, soybeans, vegetables, fruit, fungi and food supplements, baby formula and infant food, cereals and soybeans, cocoa and chocolate products
      • Mercury in seafood and food supplements
      • Tin in canned foods and beverages and baby foods


      • 3-MCPD in vegetable protein, soy sauce

Dioxin and dioxin-like PCBs:

      • Dioxins in meat, fish, milk, eggs and products, oils and fats, offals, infant food

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH):

      • PAH in oils and fats, infant foods, meat and fish and products, crustaceans, cocoa


      • melamine in infant foods

Inherent Plant Toxins:

      • Erucic Acid in  fats and oils and foods containing these ingredients;  infant formula
      • Tropane alkaloids in cereal based foods and baby food