Pre-Export Controls on Aflatoxins in U.S. Peanuts and Almonds
Article 23 of the EU regulation on official food and feed controls (Regulation (EC) No 882/2004) allows the EU to officially recognize a third country’s system of pre-export checks (PEC) on feed and food prior to export as long as it meets the EU requirements.
EU approval of a third country’s system of pre-export checks may only be granted on the condition that the controls carried out in the third country are considered to be sufficient so that the import controls upon arrival to the EU can be significantly reduced.
Following a report by the EU’s Food and Veterinary Office (FVO), the EU approved the pre-export checks program for peanuts in December 2007. The FVO also assessed the U.S. aflatoxin control system on almonds leading to the EU approval of the pre-export checks program for U.S. almonds in April 2015. With the publication of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/949, all EU accepted programs including U.S. peanuts and almonds have been combined in the one regulation. Under the regulation, import authorities are directed to subject consignments of U.S. almonds and peanuts with a PEC certificate issued by the U.S. competent authority to a less than 1% control level at the border. The PEC program is voluntary; a PEC certificate is not a requirement for import into the EU. Shipments without a PEC certificate do not benefit from the reduced inspection levels upon import in the EU.
Article 23 of the EU regulation on official food and feed controls (Regulation (EC) No 882/2004) also has provisions on the circumstances when the reduced control frequency is no longer applicable.
For additional information on Pre-export Checks aflatoxin certificates, please go to:
- American Peanut Council (APC)
- Almond Board of California (ABC)
- USDA-AMS Laboratory Approval Service – Aflatoxin Program